BHUTAN

An enchanted kingdom

Nestled in the Himalayas, Bhutan is a landlocked country bordered by India and China. Our country is home to some of the world’s tallest unclimbed mountains Gangkar Phuensum and its pristine forests are home to rare and endangered wildlife.

A visit to Bhutan is like taking a step back in time – it’s a land where traditional values and way of life are still practiced and, where visitors can get a rare glimpse into another world.

While Bhutan is best known for its stunning mountain scenery with a strong emphasis on environmental conservation., there is so much more to this country than meets the eye. Bhutan has a rich history dating back centuries, and its people have a deep cultural heritage that is evident in everything from their crafts and architecture to their music and dance.

Bhutan’s culture is rich and unique, it is a land of stunning natural beauty, with snow-capped mountains, pristine rivers, and verdant valleys with main attractions such as its stunning natural scenery, its unique architecture, and its vibrant festivals.

Our country has something to offer everyone, from beginners to experienced hikers. There are also plenty of cultural attractions to enjoy, such as temples and monasteries.

Whether you’re looking for exciting trekking adventures, or simply want to enjoy the stunning views or if you’re looking for an off-the-beaten-path destination that offers an authentic travel experience Bhutan is the perfect destination and should definitely be on your radar.

National Dress of Bhutan

The history of Bhutan’s tradition and culture closely follow the history of Buddhism. Guru Padmasambhava, who brought Buddhism in Bhutan, thus remains the single most important and influential figure in Bhutan’s ancient history.

The traditional dress worn by Bhutanese men today called the gho was reproduced from the dress worn by the Guru himself. And the women’s kira according to some oral literature claims to have evolved from the dress worn by the Guru’s consorts.

The gho worn by men is a knee length wraparound skirt, which is tied at the waist by a belt. The pouch that forms on the chest is used as pockets to carry valuable items.

Westerners have often remarked on Bhutan’s distinctive traditional dress as having the biggest pocket in the world. A white, small cylindrical piece of cloth called the lagey is attached to the sleeve and folded inside out.

In ancient times and even today, people carry daggers that are fastened on the belt along their hips. Officials with rank and power are bestowed a long sword called the patang. This sword, which can be used both as a tool and a weapon is symbolic of men defending the country as well as building it.

Both Bhutanese men and women wear a scarf while on important occasions and while entering a dzong or a monastery. As a symbol of respect the scarf is lowered in front of those with higher position including the king.

Ordinary Bhutanese wear white scarf while those of a higher rank that wear red are referred to as Dashos. Parliamentarians wear blue and the king wears the yellow scarf.

A woman’s equivalent of the scarf is called the Rachu. Rachus worn by ordinary women are hung over the shoulder and is woven in colorful embroidery.

All men and women including the civil servants wear their traditional dress during office hours.

Area

38,394 sq. km.

Population

817054

Capital

Thimphu

Local time

GMT+6

Religion

Mahayana Buddhism

National tree

Cypress (cupresses corneyana)

National flower

Blue poppy (meconopsis gakyidiana)

National animal

Takin (budorcas taxicolor)

National bird

Raven (corvus corax tibetanus)

National sport

Archery

National day

17 December

National language

Dzongkha

Currency

Bhutan’s Ngultrum (Nu)) is at par with Indian Rupees (INR).

Credit Cards

Most hotels and shops catering to tourists accept Traveler’s cheques, American Express and VISA credit cards.

Electricity

220 – 240 volts. 50 cycles AC, the current is variable.

Bhutan National Emblem

The National Emblem of Bhutan is a circle that projects a double diamond thunderbolt placed above the lotus.

There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity.The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the two dragons(male and female) represent the name of the country DrukYul or the Land of the Dragon.

Bhutan National Flag

The National flag is divided diagonally into two equal halves.

The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower.saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu. The dragon signifies the name and the purity of the country while the jewels in its claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country.